24 Character Strengths Pdf Free
The VIA Survey of Character Strengths is a free self-assessment that takes 10 minutes and provides a wealth of information to help you understand your best qualities. VIA Reports provide personalized, in-depth analysis of your free results, including actionable tips to apply your strengths to find greater well-being.
24 Character Strengths Pdf Free
Character strengths are the positive parts of your personality that make you feel authentic and engaged. You possess all 24 character strengths in different degrees, giving you a unique character strengths profile. Research shows that understanding and applying your strengths can help:
The free VIA Survey is the premier tool in the field of positive psychology that assesses an individual's character strengths. When you know the strengths of your clients, students or employees, you can guide them more effectively and authentically. Create a VIA Pro account to use the VIA Survey and in-depth reports to bring out the best in others.
The perfect complement to the free VIA Survey results, VIA Reports provide insights, practices and resources that map out how to achieve a more optimal, engaged, and positively fulfilled life. Purchase for yourself or use with your clients and employees.
Whether you are a strengths novice or a seasoned practitioner, VIA Courses provide strategies and solutions to reach your maximum potential. You'll be equipped with the skills you need to begin your own journey, and to guide others on their path to empowerment.
Once you discover your character strengths with the VIA Survey, applying your strengths is the next step. Learn how a personalized VIA Report can help you maximize your strengths in all areas of your life.
Making children aware that every one of them has all 24 character strengths, provides the foundation for genuine self-confidence grounded in self-awareness. At the same time, it helps children better understand why everyone is different and how to appreciate those differences.
Dr. Chris Peterson, one of the founders of positive psychology, led a research team over a three-year period to better understand character and its manifestations. Alongside Dr. Martin Seligman, Dr. Peterson then wrote Character Strengths and Virtues. The research in this book explains:
Virtues are core aspects of human excellence that allow us to survive and thrive. Researchers found six core virtues to be ubiquitous across cultures. The 24 character strengths are organized under the six virtues of: wisdom and knowledge; humanity; justice; courage; temperance; and transcendence.
Before you continue, we thought you might like to download our three Strengths Exercises for free. These detailed, science-based exercises will help you or your clients realize your unique potential and create a life that feels energized and authentic.
Since these virtues are considered too abstract to be studied scientifically, positive psychology practitioners focused their attention on the strengths of character created by virtues, and created tools for their measurement.
Mahatma Gandhi was the leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. He led India to independence and helped created movements for civil rights and freedom by being an active citizen in nonviolent disobedience. His work has been applied worldwide for its universality.
As Martin Seligman and his colleagues studied all major religions and philosophical traditions to find universal virtues, much of the research on gender and character strengths have been cross-cultural also.
Life satisfaction for women was predicted by zest, gratitude, hope, appreciation of beauty/excellence, and love for other women. A recent study by Mann showed that women tend to score higher on gratitude than men. Alex Linley and colleagues reported in a UK study that women not only scored higher in interpersonal strengths, such as love and kindness, but on social intelligence, too.
In a cross-cultural study in Spain by Ovejero and Cardenal, they found that femininity was positively correlated with love, social intelligence, appreciation of beauty, love of learning, forgiveness, spirituality, and creativity. The more masculine a man was, the more he correlated negatively with these character strengths.
In a Croatian sample, Brdar and colleagues found that men viewed cognitive strengths as a greater predictor for life satisfaction. Men saw strengths such as teamwork, kindness, perspective, and courage to be a stronger connection to life satisfaction than other strengths. There is an important limitation to this sample population, as most of the participants were women.
While there are differences in character strengths between men and women, there are many that they share. Both genders saw gratitude, hope, and zest as being related to higher life satisfaction, as well as the tendency to live in accordance with the strengths that are valued in their particular culture.
Studies confirm that there is a duality between genders, but only when both genders identify strongly with gender stereotypes. It makes one wonder if men and women are inherently born with certain strengths, or if the cultural influence of certain traits prioritizes different traits based on gender norms.
The strengths of love, zest, and hope are associated with happiness starting at a very young age. The strengths of love and hope are dependent on the infant and caregiver relationship. A secure attachment to the caregiver at infancy is more likely to result in psychological and social well adjustment throughout their lives.
The nurturing of a child plays a significant role in their development, and role modeling is an important way of teaching a child certain character strengths as they imitate behavior and can then embrace the strength as one of their own.
Positive education programs have been developed to help children and adolescents focus on character strengths. There are certain character strengths in adolescents that have a clearer impact on psychological wellbeing. These strengths must be fostered to ensure life long fulfillment and satisfaction.
Dahlsgaard, Park, and Peterson discovered that adolescents with higher levels of zest, hope, and leadership displayed lower levels of anxiety and depression in comparison to their peers with lower levels of these strengths. Other research findings suggested that adolescent character strengths contribute to wellbeing (Gillham, et al, 2011).
The measurement of character strengths and the different traits that go into making them have many applications, from life satisfaction to happiness and other wellbeing predictors. These measurement tools have been used to study how these strengths have been developed across genders and age groups.
The science of strengths started in the early 2000s, when a group of scientists in the young field of positive psychology started to explore character in a new way. The result was the VIA Classification of Character Strengths and Virtues (Peterson & Seligman, 2004). It describes the classification of 24 positive traits in human beings. Since then, a lot of scientific research has been performed to explore the concept and its use across many different contexts and cultures.
1. When you start to work with Character strengths, use the cards first to get an idea of your own signature strengths. That will help you to get an idea of the concept. Also, it will make it easier for you to see the strengths in others.
This book is dedicated to the memory of Christopher Peterson, a pioneer in the study of character strengths, a mentor for students of character, an exemplar of humor, humility, love, and kindness, and a good friend.
The Values in Action (VIA) Survey of Character Strengths is a 240-item face-valid self-report questionnaire intended for use with adults. The measure uses 5-point Likert-style items to measure the degree to which respondents endorse items reflecting the 24 strengths of character that comprise the VIA Classification. The survey takes about 25 minutes to complete, although there is no time limit.
Often, when we think of what will make us happy we imagine ourselves expressing our innate intelligence and natural brilliance freely and fully. We envision being seen and supported in being authentically who we are.
One way the science of wellbeing can help support self-actualization and its ripple effects throughout our communities and institutions is by drawing attention to character strengths and providing the tools to identify and leverage them more consciously and frequently.
One such tool is the Values in Action (VIA) Classification of Character Strengths and Virtues developed by Dr. Martin Seligman and Dr. Christopher Peterson. The VIA Classification contains 24 character strengths clustered under six core virtues which have been found to be universally represented across countries and cultures.
The VIA Inventory of Strengths is an assessment tool that helps individuals identity their signature strengths i.e. character strengths in which a person has a sense of ownership and that are frequently exercised. The more frequent use of signature strengths has been found to contribute significantly to happiness and life satisfaction, and in the workplace has been associated with increased productivity.
Even instruments whose validity is questionable (such as the MBTI) can play a useful role when we view their results with critical distance and feel free to challenge their conclusions. But all too often such results are instead viewed as gospel truth, and they're used to label people and sort them into boxes rather than to promote self-reflection and a richer understanding of ourselves.
Seligman and Peterson assembled an expert team of psychologists and educators under the umbrella of the VIA Institute to establish a classification scheme by conducting an extensive survey of the world's cultural, philosophical and religious traditions. The VIA's classification scheme begins with virtues, the most abstract level, and progresses next to character strengths, which are the 24 items identified in the instrument's results.